Viv Quarry's upper-intermediate/advanced vocabulary practice (




Student's name _________________________     Date ___________________


Note! The words in CAPITALS and between slashes (/ /) represent the pronunciation of the word according to Viv's phonetic symbols.


'Use sth.' can be a verb and a noun meaning 'help sb to do sth.' However, the pronunciation is different:

Verb = To use sth. /YOOZ/              Noun = the use of sth. /YUWS/

In the past and past participle, the pronunciation of 'ed' is /D/ eg. It is used /YOOZD/


Examples of 'use' as a normal verb:

Please use a pencil to fill in this form. /YOOZ/

This word has various uses. /YUWSIZ/

He used his t-shirt to clean the windscreen. /YOOZD/


'Used to (do sth.)' is a structure concerned with discontinued past habits and states. It is unstressed and is pronounced /YOOSTUH/ in all forms except in final position where it becomes /YOOSTOO/.


+ I used to live in London. /YOOSTUHLIV/ (past state - I don't live there now)

+ She used to go out every Friday. /YOOSTUHGOW/ (past habit - she doesn't go out on Fridays now)

- He didn't use to like fish. /YOOSTUHLAIK/ (past state - now he likes fish)

- We didn't use to have to do this. /YOOSTUHAVTUHDOO/ (past habit - now we have to do it)

Y/N? Did you use to work for BP? /YOOSTUHWERK/ (They don't work for BP now)

WH? What did you use to do at the weekends? /YOOSTUHDOO/ (When they were a child)

Do you have to get up early? No, I don't, but I used to. /YOOSTOO/


If an action only happened once, this structure is impossible and is replaced by the simple past .


I met her for the first time in July and we went out to the cinema.


'Would' has a similar function to 'used to' but it only applies to past habits - NOT STATES, and gives an impression of nostalgia.

My mother would always read me a story before I went to sleep = My mother used to read me a story


For states only 'used to' is possible:

We used to live in London - NOT 'WE WOULD LIVE...'


'Be used to sth' is a structure which means 'accustomed'. It can be followed by a noun or verb in the gerund form and appears in various tenses.


+ I've been here for 2 years and so I'm used to the hot weather. /YOOSTADZUH/

+ After two years in the Middle East I was used to working in hot weather. /YOOSTUH/

- I've only been here for 2 weeks, so I'm not used to the hot weather. /YOOSTUH/

- It was difficult at first because I wasn't used to getting up early. /YOOSTUH/

Y/N? Are you used to the hot weather yet? /YOOSTUH/


'Wh' questions with the 'be used to' structure are unusual.


'Get used to sth/doing sth.' has a similar meaning, but the focus is on CHANGING SITUATIONS.


+ I've been here for 2 days, so I'm getting used to the hot weather.

+ After two days in the Middle East I was getting used to working in hot weather.

- I couldn't get used to waking up early.

Y/N? Did it take you long to get used to the hot weather?

WH? How long did it take you to get used to driving on the left?


Back to vocabulary worksheets